Building on the Comparative Advantage of Poor Farmers

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Agriculture remains an integral part of inclusive development as it is 2–4 times more effective in poverty reduction compared to other sectors given the same level of investment. The sector employs over 65% of the poorest population and contributes about a third of gross domestic product in developing countries. However, there is an increased concern that the conventional practice of agriculture is causing soil and water pollution, emitting a significant amount of greenhouse gas, reducing biodiversity, and bypassing poor farmers, particularly in rainfed areas. Moreover, the quality and safety of food produced under conventional agriculture are increasingly being questioned by consumers. Accordingly, a fundamental transformation toward alternative production systems that are more environment- and climate-friendly, inclusive, and producing safer food is urgently needed.

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Regenerative Organic Agriculture and Climate Change

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Simply put, recent data from farming systems and pasture trials around the globe show that we could sequester more than 100% of current annual CO2 emissions with a switch to widely available and inexpensive organic management practices, which we term “regenerative organic agriculture.” These practices work to maximize carbon fixation while minimizing the loss of that carbon once returned to the soil, reversing the greenhouse effect.

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